Wicca is a neo–pagan, earth–centered religion that has its modern origins in the teaching and practice of the original English Wiccan, Gerald Gardner (1884–1964). Today, Wicca is experiencing dramatic growth as teens reject what they perceive as Christian paternalism, homophobia, and insensitivity to the environment. While stereotypes of Wiccans as Satanists or sinister spell–casters are spurious, the worldviews of Christianity and Wicca are nonetheless worlds apart.
First, Wicca, also known as “The Craft” or “The Old Religion,” holds that all reality is divine. Thus, Wiccans revere the natural world as a living, breathing organism, and they revere people as “gods” and “goddesses.” As Wicca is a distinctively feminist form of neo–paganism, however, Wiccans often consider the supreme manifestation of deity to be a nature goddess (such as the Triple Goddess of the Moon). In sharp contrast to the Christian worldview, Wiccans worship creation rather than the Creator (cf. Romans 1:25). While the Bible does teach that people should care for the environment (Genesis 2:15; Deuteronomy 20:19–20; Psalm 115:16) and appreciate its magnificence (Psalm 19; Matthew 6:28–30), our worship belongs only to the Creator whose glory is reflected in creation (Job 38–41; Psalm 148; Romans 1).
Furthermore, the supreme ethical rule of Wicca is the Wiccan Rede: “If it harms none, do as ye Will.” Despite this proscription against harming others, Wiccans hold that moral and religious truths are ultimately relative. Thus, while the Wiccan Rede sets the Craft apart from the malevolent activities of Satanists, the Wiccan worldview stands in direct opposition to the biblical notions of absolute moral truth and exclusive salvation through Jesus Christ who alone is “the way and the truth and the life” (John 14:6).
Finally, Wiccans practice magick (spelled with a k to differentiate it from conjuring for entertainment) in an attempt to manipulate the natural world and alter mental and material conditions. As such, Wicca is an esoteric occult practice designed to manipulate reality in concert with the Wiccan’s will. Tools of the Craft include swords and spell books, as well as chalices, censers, cords, and crystals. Regardless of whether the motivation is benevolent or malevolent, Scripture unequivocally condemns all occult practices as detestable to the Lord (Deuteronomy 18:10–12; Acts 13:6–11; 16:16–18; Galatians 5:19–21).
For further study, see Richard G. Howe, “Modern Witchcraft: It may not be what you think,” Christian Research Journal 28, 1 (2005): 12–21, available through the Christian Research Institute (CRI) at www.equip.org.
“Let no one be found among you who
sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices
divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages
in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or
spiritist or who consults the dead.”