Reproductive Health Services Archive

Anti-Abortion Arguments: What Are Some Anti-Abortion Arguments?

Anti-Abortion Arguments- THE GRADUALIST THESIS Those who defend the gradualist thesis, such as Daniel Callahan and Robert Wennberg,29 argue that the unborn entity increases in value as it develops physically. Unlike the theories critiqued above, in this view there is no one decisive moment at which the unborn entity moves from nonperson to person. For […]

Viability: Is a Fetus a Person Once it Can Live Outside the Mother’s Womb?

As I noted in Part Three, viability is the time at which the unborn human can live outside her mother’s womb. Some have argued that prior to this time, since the unborn cannot survive independent of her mother, she is not a completely independent human life and hence not fully human. Bioethicist Andrew Varga points […]

The Abortion Debate: Arguments from Tolerance

Many people in the abortion rights movement argue that their position is more tolerant than the pro-life position. After all, they reason, the abortion rights movement is not forcing pro-life women to have abortions, but the pro-life movement is trying to deny all women the option to make a choice. There are basically five arguments […]

Abortion and Rape: Answering the Arguments for Abortion Rights

In the first installment of this four-part series we examined a number of arguments for abortion rights which can be classified as appeals to pity. In this article I will present and critique more appeals to pity, along with two additional kinds of argument: appeals to tolerance and ad hominem (literally, “against the person”). Of […]

Abortion Rights: Answering the Arguments for Abortion Rights

Abortion has become the most divisive political and social issue in late twentieth century America. When the Supreme Court ruled that the state of Missouri was within its constitutional rights to enact abortion restrictions (Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, 1989), it moved the debate from the realm of the federal judiciary into the lap of […]