India Archive

Neither Hindu nor Muslim

SYNOPSIS Sikhism has approximately 25 million followers worldwide, 16 million who reside in the state of Punjab (which straddles Northern India and Pakistan), where the religion originated nearly 500 years ago. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born into Hinduism and familiar with Islam, but disillusioned with both. He nonetheless included some writings of […]

Approaches to Yoga: Bhakti Yoga

Bhakti yoga seeks salvation through the path of devotion to a personal representation of God. During the centuries that preceded Patanjali, India had been dominated by the atheistic or nontheistic philosophies of original Buddhism, Samkhya, Jainism, and the impersonal God of the Upanishads. The impulse to worship and serve a personal God (which a Christian […]