04 From the President

06 Practical Hermeneutics
The Origin of the Islamic Dajjal in False Christian Apocalyptic Literature

52 Reviews
A Summary Critique: E. Fuller Torrey’s Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion…A Summary Critique: R. Marie Griffith’s Moral Combat: How Sex Divided American Christians and Fractured American Politics

56 Viewpoint
Do I Drink Virtuously? A Christian Perspective

58 Postmodern Realities
Loving Christians Who Experience Same-Sex Attraction

62 Ask Hank

08 Why People Stop Believing
by Paul Chamberlain
General Apologetics (Effective Evangelism): Claiming to have been “set free” from the “shackles of religion,” people such as theologians, seminary graduates, and pastors who once confessed Christianity are leaving the faith to lead groups now critiquing all things Christ. Here are four reasons commonly cited by them for “getting out” and suggestions on how to engage these charges.

14 How to Have a Civil Discussion about Abortion
by Clinton Wilcox
Ethical Apologetics: Bring up politics or religion in a conversation and often people stop becoming reasonable and demonize those who disagree with them. Fortunately, there are certain skills one can develop that will lead to civil discussions.

20 Understanding Nicene Trinitarianism
by Nathan A. Jacobs
Historical Theology/Doctrinal Discernment: Nicene Trinitarianism is rightly labeled monotheism, even though it is undoubtedly a unique brand of monotheism. Three important differences between God and creatures must be kept in mind for a proper understanding of Nicene Trinitarianism.

28 MarkTwain’s Tightrope Walk: Caught between Despair and Hope
by Marybeth Baggett
Cultural Apologetics: Truth be told, Mark Twain was always a complicated figure. Paradoxical worldviews abound in his work. Wrestling with God, church, and religion from the beginning of his career to its end, the writings of Mark Twain vividly display an all-too-human temptation to despair pitted against the all-too-human impulse to hope.

34 HBO’s West world and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence
by John McAteer
Cultural Apologetics: HBO’s TV series Westworld holds up a mirror to humanity’s depravity, calls into question the utopian dream that technology creates societal perfection apart from God, and offers a dark and incomplete vision of human nature — a true vision of life without the light of Christ.