In the thirteenth century, Thomas Aquinas revitalized Christian theology by applying principles of Greek philosophy to the explanation and defense of the Christian faith. Thomism, or the philosophical application of Aquinas’s thought, has a privileged place in the Roman Catholic Church and has been embraced by a growing number of Evangelical and Protestant Thomists. Among non-Christians, Aquinas is usually encountered in first-year philosophy textbooks via excerpts of his five ways of proving the existence of God from his Summa Theologica. In addition, many atheists seeking to refute these proofs, often get wrong what Aquinas was teaching. This conversation is a discussion of each of Aquinas’s five proofs and how to answer the atheist interpretation of them.
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