Cosmology Archive

Will the Created Cosmos Be Resurrected or Annihilated?

When the apostle Peter wrote, “We are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness” (2 Peter 3:13), he was not describing an earth altogether different from the one we now inhabit but rather the cosmos resurrected without decay, disease, destruction, or death. First, we might rightly conclude that […]

What About Trying to Find Contemporary Scientific Paradigms in Scriptural Passages?

Attempts to read scientific paradigms into scriptural passages have given Christianity one black eye after another. More often than not, a serious misunderstanding of the art and science of biblical interpretation is at the root of the problem. First, churchmen once taught that the earth was stationary on the basis of Psalm 93:1—“The world is […]

Were the Genesis Creation Days Literal, Long, or Literary?

There are three dominant schools of thought within evangelical Christianity regarding the Genesis days of creation. First, the popular twenty-four-hour v iew posits that God created the heavens and the earth in six sequential, literal days. A majority in this camp view the universe to be approximately six thousand years old and consider all death, […]

When Was the Universe Created?

Using the speed of light (186,000 miles per second) in their calculations, astronomers have determined that the observable universe with its 100 billion galaxies, each containing a 100 billion stars, is at least 15 billion light-years in diameter. (A light-year is the distance light travels in a year—a distance measured not in billions but trillions […]

Does the Bible Teach That God Created a Flat Earth?

In A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, Andrew Dickson White, president and founder of Cornell University, decries the regrettable reality that two hundred years after Ferdinand Magellan had empirically* proven that the earth was round (1519), Christian fundamentalists persisted in perpetuating flat earth mythology. This, however, hardly corresponds to reality. […]

Is the Fine-Tuning of the Universe Negated by the Notion of a Multiverse?

Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking is infamous for supposing that the existence of a vast number of universes—a multiverse—explains the fine-tuning of our universe. In other words, Hawking asserts that, given a sufficient number of random universes, one of them is bound to have the necessary conditions to support not only intelligent life but also the […]

Is Earth a Privileged Planet?

Some scientists speculate that the earth is an insignificant speck of soil aimlessly adrift in a meaningless universe. As documented by astronomer Guillermo Gonzalez and philosopher Jay W. Richards, however, evidence refutes the principle of mediocrity (Copernican principle), demonstrating instead that our earth is a singularly privileged planet designed for discovery. First, the unique conditions […]

Does the Fine-Tuning of the Universe Point to a Sovereign Creator?

One of the most astonishing discoveries of the twentieth century was that the universe is fine-tuned to support intelligent life. From the force of gravity to the balance of matter and antimatter, the universe is balanced, as it were, on the fine edge of a razor. Consider the force of gravity. If it were stronger […]

Could the Universe Emerge Out of Nothing?

When people face the compelling evidence that the universe began to exist at a definite point in time, a favorite fallback position is that it sprang into existence from nothing at all. This, however, stretches credulity beyond the breaking point. First, simple logic dictates that nothing comes from nothing. “Nothing” is nonexistent and therefore lacks […]

Is the Big Bang biblical?

The Big Bang postulates that billions of years ago the universe began as an infinitely dense point called a singularity and has been expanding ever since. Though the Big Bang is not taught in the Bible, the theory does lend scientific support to the scriptural teaching that God created the universe ex nihilo (out of […]