Volume 44:Issue 4
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04 From the President:
by Hank Hanegraaff
08 Effective Evangelism:
Bearing Witness to Christ Among Internationals
by Jonah Haddad
10 “He Descended to Hell”: An Investigation of the Harrowing of Hell in the Apostles’ Creed
by Melanie Nassif
Historical Theology/Doctrinal Discernment:
Did Jesus really descend into hell between His death and resurrection, as the Apostles’ Creed states? Should this clause be dropped from the creed, or does it faithfully interpret Scripture? Understanding the formation of the Apostles’ Creed, the descent clause, and the history of its interpretation will help readers decide for themselves.
16 Critical Theory and Abortion as an Act of Oppression
by R. Scott Smith
Ethical and Philosophical Apologetics:
Critical theory (CT) maintains that oppressed groups should be liberated from their oppressors. As well, according to CT, women determine the value of their unborn by their own conceptualizations. Thus, through abortion women arbitrarily exercise power over and oppress their unborn. Based on CT’s own internal logic, abortion should be construed as immoral.
by Clay Jones
Skeptics complain that if God really loved us, He would make His existence and presence unmistakable. Yet, for us to have a robust free will, there must be an amount of divine hiddenness or “epistemic distance.” God gives us enough evidence of His existence that those who want to worship Him will have their beliefs justified, but not so much evidence that those who don’t want to worship Him will be compelled to feign loyalty.
by Anne Kennedy
Christian Living/Doctrinal Discernment (Viewpoint):
Should Christians make New Year’s resolutions? Are there any guiding biblical principles that might inform and shape such a task? In making and fulfilling resolutions, one must discern whether the effort is an attempt to redeem oneself apart from the person and work of Christ.
by Fazale “Fuz” Rana
Scientific Apologetics/Biblical Discernment (Summary Critique):
Philosopher and Christian apologist William Lane Craig’s latest work is an impressive, bold interdisciplinary exploration into the historicity of Adam (and Eve). Yet Craig’s theological and scientific conclusions — Adam and Eve lived between 750,000 and 1,000,000 years ago as members of the hominin species Homo heidelbergensis — are unlikely to be accepted by many theologically conservative Christians.
40 A Tour de Force in Natural Theology (Review of Stephen C. Meyer’s Return of the God Hypothesis)
by Douglas Groothuis
Scientific Apologetics/Philosophical Apologetics (Review):
It may strike some as odd to refer to God as a “hypothesis.” While God is an object of religious devotion, the existence of a personal and transcendent designer is the best explanation for the scientific evidence of the origin and fine-tuning of the universe and the origin and development of life.
46 Ask Hank
Neither Human Evolution nor Theistic Evolution
by Hank Hanegraaff